He is a hero to many, but an infamous criminal to the Cameroonian government for ‘defacing’ statues and monuments of the colonial era built in the economic capital of Douala by French colonialists.

He is a hero to many, but an infamous criminal to the Cameroonian government for ‘defacing’ statues and monuments of the colonial era built in the economic capital of Douala by French colonialists.

Andre Blaise Essama, 41, defines himself as an activist aimed at replacing all the colonial monuments in the town with those of national heroes who fought for the independence of the bilingual country.

After launching his campaign in 2015, he gained public attention by beheading the monument of French colonial hero General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque erected during the colonial era in Douala.

Criminal or Hero
Andre Blaise Essama describes himself as an activist who aims to replace all the colonial statues

He flaunted his conquest by sharing on his blog and on social media professional photographs of himself posing with the statue’s head.

Essama was arrested and sentenced by a Douala-Bonanjo court to three months in prison and fined for “destruction of public property” after he pulled down the French colonial “statue of the unknown soldier” in the city centre days after the first “conquest”.


He demanded a statue of Ruben Um Nyobé be erected in those spots in honour of the anti-colonialist Cameroonian leader who was slain by the French army.

In 2016, Andre Blaise Essama again beheaded the repaired statue of the French general which fetched him six months in jail after refusing an offer to pay for its repair instead of a prison term.

A few months after his release from prison in December 2016, the activist erected a statue of John Ngu Foncha – a pivotal figure in the unification of the British and French Cameroons – at a busy intersection in the city.

He was hailed by his growing supporters for erecting the statue which did not see the light of day. Unidentified angry looking policemen pulled the statue down in a few hours and dragged it away.

A year on, the Cameroonian authorities erected an effigy of French videographer Sylvie Blocher at the same spot where Essama’s statue of the national hero was pulled down.

The new effigy erected on Wednesday was holding a sign with English and French inscriptions that read: “Even If I Do Not Have the Right, I Apologize”.

As the residents questioned the reason behind the effigy erection and its message, dissatisfied Andre Blaise Essama pulled the monument down  in the presence of spectators including motorists and pedestrians who cheered his action.

This earned him another date in court which could attract yet another jail term. The popular activist has engaged in many one-man protests over other social issues and against the government.

Thousands of people have successfully protested in South Africa against colonial statues. Mass protests have also been staged in Ghana and the United States yet one man is doing same in Cameroon where the rights and freedom of citizens are abused by the government.

Many believe Andre Blaise Essama is mentally unstable including his mother who had said in an interview that her son’s first arrest in 2008 – after his return from France where he studied computer science – could have affected him mentally.

Essama was detained that year for entering the presidential palace without an invitation to present a proposal to the First Lady Chantal Biya to help in the implementation of a project she had launched.

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Ujamaa Team

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