The term Afro European refers to Europeans who trace part of their ancestry to Sub-Saharan Africa or former European colonies in Africa in general.

The term Afro European or Afro-European refers to Europeans who trace at least part of their ancestry to Sub-Saharan Africa, or former European colonies in Africa in general.

The concept of “Afro-Europeans” is used on the model of African Americans by associations and movements militating in favor of equal opportunities for black and mixed-race people from overseas territories and Europe.

Today, Black Europeans generally enjoy high levels of social integration, assimilation, and belonging in Western Europe despite past histories of colonization and discrimination. Interracial couples among black Europeans are common and some black Europeans have gone to serve as government officials and ministers.

European Union

In the European Union, there is a record of 15 million people of African or Afro-Caribbean descent, comprising over 2.5% of the total population. The countries with the largest African population in Europe are:

Country Population Comments
France 4,000,000 – 6,000,000 most have roots in the former French colonies in Africa, with around 800,000 having roots in the French Caribbean islands
United Kingdom 3,500,000 most have roots in former British colonies in The Caribbean as well as Africa.
Italy 1,200,000 most are migrants both legal and illegal. Also includes some populations with Italian colonial ties. (with illegals estimated)
Belgium 800,000 most have roots in the former Belgian Congo as well as French-speaking African countries.
Spain 550,000 most are former Spanish colonies in Latin America and Equatorial Guinea, also includes many contract workers from Africa
Germany 600,000 includes bi-racial children of Black American soldiers from the Cold War, African-Americans with Cold War ties, as well as recent students, professionals, and other immigrants from Africa; excluding MENA population classified as sub-saharan African
Netherlands 900,000 most have roots from former Dutch colonies in the Caribbean.
Portugal 150,000 most have roots from former Portuguese colonies in Africa
Sweden 190,000 consists mostly of recent immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers. Most of them are from Somalia, Eritrea and countries around. Some French and British nationals of African descent can be found in Malmö and Stockholm.
Finland 60,000 People with a foreign background from Africa. Large community of Somalis in Helsinki.
Russia 40,000  
Republic of Ireland 70,000 2011 Census
Switzerland 150,000 consists mostly of black Europeans with citizenship in other European countries, such as Portugal, France, and Spain.
Norway 131,700 Somalis make a big part of population. Can be found a significant Congo population in Bergen.

Smaller Afro-European communities can also be found elsewhere in Europe.

More than 1,000,000 sub-Saharan Africans had settled in Europe between 2010 and 2017.

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