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Madrid Accords

The Madrid Accords, also called Madrid Agreement or Madrid Pact, was a treaty between Spain, Morocco, and Mauritania to end the Spanish presence in the territory of Spanish Sahara, which was until the Madrid Accords’ inception a Spanish province and former colony. It…
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Spanish Sahara

Spanish Sahara, officially the Overseas Province of the Spanish Sahara, was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was occupied and ruled as a territory by Spain between 1884 and…
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Tangier International Zone

The Tangier International Zone (Arabic: منطقة طنجة الدولية‎ Minṭaqat Ṭanja ad-Dawliyya, French: Zone Internationale de Tanger, Spanish: Zona Internacional de Tánger) was a 373-square-kilometre (144 sq mi) international zone centred on the city of Tangier, Morocco, then under French and Spanish protectorate, under the joint administration…
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Spanish protectorate in Morocco

The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. The Spanish protectorate consisted of a…
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French protectorate in Morocco

The French protectorate in Morocco (French: Protectorat français au Maroc; Arabic: حماية فرنسا في المغرب‎ Ḥimāyat Faransā fi-l-Maḡrib) was established by the Treaty of Fez. It existed from 1912, when a protectorate was formally established, until independence (18 November…
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Saadi dynasty

The Saadi dynasty or Saadian dynasty (Arabic: السعديون‎ as-saʿadiūn) was an Arab Moroccan dynasty, which ruled Morocco from 1549 to 1659. From 1509 to 1549, they had ruled only in the south of Morocco. Although still recognizing the Wattasids as…